You 2.0: Getting Unstuck

At one time or another, many of us feel stuck: in the wrong job, the wrong relationship, the wrong city – the wrong life. Psychologists and self-help gurus have all kinds of advice for us when we feel rudderless. This week on Hidden Brain, we conclude our You 2.0 series with a favorite episode exploring a new idea from an unlikely source: Silicon Valley.

* Duration: 29:09, Played: 14:23

* Published: 8/29/17 03:01:18

* Episode Download Link (27 MB): https://play.podtrac.com/npr-510308/npr.mc.tritondigital.com/NPR_510308/media/anon.npr-mp3/npr/hiddenbrain/2017/08/20170828_hiddenbrain_ep56.mp3?orgId=1&d=1749&p=510308&story=546598801&t=podcast&e=546598801&ft=pod&f=510308

* Episode Feed: Hidden Brain – https://www.npr.org/rss/podcast.php?id=510308

Updated my resume

It’s been a while since I had updated my resume. I feel it is a good time make sure everything is up to date.

If you know of an interesting opportunity, or project, please be sure to let me know.

IvanAlonso.Resume

How to fix Plex server external access

Recently after installing a new router, I ran into an issue where my Plex server was not accessible from the internet.

The way Plex is setup to work seems to be like: Internet --> External-IP:random-port --> Internal-IP-of-Plex-Server:32400

Originally, I had forgotten to enable port-forwarding on my router for port 32400. The solution seemed simple, enable that port (32400) to my Plex Server’s internal IP and while at it, also enable that random port (which didn’t seem so random at the time). That was a problem.

Enabling the both port causes a problem (not really sure why). So I looked at the option on Plex to set the external port to 32400 with no luck. The solution was the simplest one; only enable port forwarding for port 32400 at the internal network level. Meaning, just turn on port forwarding for port 32400 to the Internal-IP-of-Plex-Server. Leave the rest alone. Do not set an external port and do not enable port forwarding for the random port (even if it does not seem random).

Fixing double NAT on Jazztel DSL and Asus RT AC87U

Recently I purchased an Asus router. Our old Netgear router died and we needed a replacement. The installation was almost plug and play with the new Asus, almost.

After the setup was complete I ran into an issue where the router was reporting a double-NAT issue.

With our previous router I had setup port-forwarding at the DSL modem level. The port forwarding was setup to forward all traffic from ports 1:65000 to the IP address of the Netgear router, something like this: internet --> DSL modem --> port forwarding (1:65000) --> 192.168.1.nnn (local IP of the Netgear router)

That approach solved the double-NAT problem by having all traffic on those ports forwarded to the Netgear router.

However, for better or for worse, because the local IP for the Asus router changed (no longer 192.168.1.nnn, but now 192.168.1.xxx) this still didn’t work (and I didn’t immediately realize it). So as a result I began to dig deeper into the issue.

According to this post, there are three solutions:

  • Setup the DSL modem in bridge-mode (described here)
  • Forward traffic to the Asus router (partly what I had done, minus the oversight on the IP address)
  • Setup the Asus router as a DMZ (similar to forwarding the port traffic, but with less control)

To setup my DSL modem into bridge mode I did the following:

  • Edit the WAN service under: Advanced Setup --> WAN service --> ppp1.1 (that was the one that was enabled for me)
  • Get the password by “editing” the page using FF webtools
    • You will need it later
  • Enable fullcone NAT
  • Enable Bridge PPPoE frames between WAN and local ports
  • Click save and exit

Now you’ll need to update the Asus’s WAN setup to use PPPoE login like this:

  • Go to WAN
  • Under connection type choose PPPoE
  • For PPP user and pass, use those from the DSL modem
  • Under MAC address choose “MAC Clone” (it should pick the MAC of the DSL modem)
  • Click “Apply” and you are done

This solved my double-NAT problem. Now the router got the external IP the DSL modem was getting.

The reality, however, is that I could have just as easily fixed the issue through either port-forwarding and DMZ, but by the time I realized it I was too focused on solving it through the bridge approach.

 

 

javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException in JMeter against some URLs

Problem

Recently I had to investigate an issue where certain JMeter tests pointing to an HTTPS end-point were resulting in this error:

javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException

Initially I thought it would be an easily fix by simply using the HTTP3.x sampler, rather than the default HTTP4.x.

Solution

The solution was to upgrade JMeter to version 3.2 (we were running 2.13 for good reasons).

How it was troubleshooted

Bad Certificates

If you do a search on that error you will be led to believe it’s an issue with the validity of the certificate being issued. To address this, it is suggested to:

  1. Upgrade Java to the latest
  2. Replace the UnlimitedJCEPolicyJDK8 JARs under <java>/jre/lib/security/
  3. Download the certificates from the server and added to the trusted cacerts

It’s the SNI

Given it was not the bad certificates, I enabled SSL debugging and got the following:

Allow unsafe renegotiation: false
Allow legacy hello messages: true
Is initial handshake: true
Is secure renegotiation: false
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 for TLSv1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 for TLSv1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 for TLSv1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 for TLSv1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 for TLSv1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 for TLSv1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 for TLSv1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 for TLSv1.1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 for TLSv1.1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 for TLSv1.1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 for TLSv1.1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 for TLSv1.1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 for TLSv1.1
Ignoring unsupported cipher suite: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 for TLSv1.1
%% No cached client session
*** ClientHello, TLSv1.2
RandomCookie:  GMT: 1495568515 bytes = { 82, 170, 89, 172, 24, 224, 26, 122, 144, 41, 158, 48, 243, 159, 93, 186, 63, 66, 119, 137, 96, 246, 218, 179, 67, 45, 163, 50 }
Session ID:  {}
Cipher Suites: [TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384, TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384, TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256, TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384, TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384, TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256, TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256, TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA, TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA, TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA, TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256, TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256, TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256, TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256, TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256, TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256, TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256, TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384, TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV]
Compression Methods:  { 0 }
Extension elliptic_curves, curve names: {secp256r1, sect163k1, sect163r2, secp192r1, secp224r1, sect233k1, sect233r1, sect283k1, sect283r1, secp384r1, sect409k1, sect409r1, secp521r1, sect571k1, sect571r1, secp160k1, secp160r1, secp160r2, sect163r1, secp192k1, sect193r1, sect193r2, secp224k1, sect239k1, secp256k1}
Extension ec_point_formats, formats: [uncompressed]
Extension signature_algorithms, signature_algorithms: SHA512withECDSA, SHA512withRSA, SHA384withECDSA, SHA384withRSA, SHA256withECDSA, SHA256withRSA, SHA256withDSA, SHA224withECDSA, SHA224withRSA, SHA224withDSA, SHA1withECDSA, SHA1withRSA, SHA1withDSA
***
[write] MD5 and SHA1 hashes:  len = 239
0000: 01 00 00 EB 03 03 59 25   91 83 52 AA 59 AC 18 E0  ......Y%..R.Y...
0010: 1A 7A 90 29 9E 30 F3 9F   5D BA 3F 42 77 89 60 F6  .z.).0..].?Bw.`.
0020: DA B3 43 2D A3 32 00 00   64 C0 24 C0 28 00 3D C0  ..C-.2..d.$.(.=.
0030: 26 C0 2A 00 6B 00 6A C0   0A C0 14 00 35 C0 05 C0  &.*.k.j.....5...
0040: 0F 00 39 00 38 C0 23 C0   27 00 3C C0 25 C0 29 00  ..9.8.#.'.<.%.).
0050: 67 00 40 C0 09 C0 13 00   2F C0 04 C0 0E 00 33 00  g.@...../.....3.
0060: 32 C0 2C C0 2B C0 30 00   9D C0 2E C0 32 00 9F 00  2.,.+.0.....2...
0070: A3 C0 2F 00 9C C0 2D C0   31 00 9E 00 A2 C0 08 C0  ../...-.1.......
0080: 12 00 0A C0 03 C0 0D 00   16 00 13 00 FF 01 00 00  ................
0090: 5E 00 0A 00 34 00 32 00   17 00 01 00 03 00 13 00  ^...4.2.........
00A0: 15 00 06 00 07 00 09 00   0A 00 18 00 0B 00 0C 00  ................
00B0: 19 00 0D 00 0E 00 0F 00   10 00 11 00 02 00 12 00  ................
00C0: 04 00 05 00 14 00 08 00   16 00 0B 00 02 01 00 00  ................
00D0: 0D 00 1C 00 1A 06 03 06   01 05 03 05 01 04 03 04  ................
00E0: 01 04 02 03 03 03 01 03   02 02 03 02 01 02 02     ...............
TestPlan_ThreadGroup 1-1, RECV TLSv1.2 ALERT:  fatal, handshake_failure
TestPlan_ThreadGroup 1-1, called closeSocket()
TestPlan_ThreadGroup 1-1, handling exception: javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: Received fatal alert: handshake_failure
TestPlan_ThreadGroup 1-1, called close()
TestPlan_ThreadGroup 1-1, called closeInternal(true)

I confirmed the cipher suites available were compatible with the cipher used in the certificate and by searching for errors around the RECV TLSv1.2 ALERT: fatal, handshake_failure error, the SNI possibility showed itself.

Remember that we could run the same test (same load, specs, etc) against some URLs that we also encrypted using TLSv1.2 so we knew the delta was in how TLS was setup (and we unfortunately didn’t have access to the server logs).

To confirm if SNI was the problem we ran this:

openssl s_client -connect <your host>:443

If you get an error, your host requires SNI. To confirm, SNI is the solution do this:

openssl s_client -connect <your host>:443 -servername '<your host>'

If you get a valid response (which you should), your server requires SNI.

Now that we knew the server required it, we just need to find out how to enable it.

And if you search for “sni jmeter” you get this post. Which basically confirms it was broken on HTTPClient4.x but later fixed. And given we used JMeter 2.13, it meant upgrading to JMeter 3.2 (at the time of this writing it was the latest)

Upgrading to JMeter 3.2 solved the issue. Good luck.